Successfully Self-employed

1) Being self-employed is unpredictable.

Be prepared for things to happen. You have to make hard decisions on the spot.

2) You have to be excited about what you do.

Market your excitement.

3) Seek and recognize opportunities.

Listen to conversations carefully. Sometimes an opportunity is staring you in the face.

4) When you’re self-employed recognize when you need to change your strategy.

Adapt and learn when circumstances change.

5) You need to be constant and consistent.

Starting a business takes energy. Devote 100 percent of your talent or skill.

6) Be prepared mentally if you lose clients and don’t be afraid of mistakes.

As a self-employed entrepreneur, there’s no guarantee for your services. Your one big client may drop you in a minute.

However consistent self-examination, strong determination with persistent planning – you can be successfully self-employed.



What future would you like?

    What future would you like?

 Cat Island May 2010

Cat Island May 2010    Gerald Herbert – Associated  Press

Climate change believers, supporters of a green and clean environment, a beautiful, just world for the future of our children.


Cat Island May 2014






Cat Island May 2014

Climate change rejectionist, big oil supporters of an environment destroyed in an unjust world for our children’s future.


You have a choice this November in the 2014 elections.


Assessments: What Needs Permission


When doing book assessments, you are thinking in the back of your mind:

  •   What needs permissions?
  •   What do I need to log?

Below is a simple list in alphabetical order that I think about.

Author adapted from work created by another person

All third party sourced items

Screen capture of Internet of online screen shot

Children’s books that read like poetry or only have one sentence per page.  Children’s books are also highly creative, which makes “fair use” less applicable.

Classroom discussion or student work.  This may need the author to obtain a release only.

Computer representations, such as the depiction of results of research on computerized databases.

Direct quotes


Extracts from big literary names

Indented quote

Lines from famous prose

Mission statements

Newspaper headlines

On-screen output of software, reproduction of web pages

Parenthetical quotes




Quotes of 250 total words from a book

Quotes of more than 5% of an article

Song lyrics,

Trademarks, company names or the names of fictitious characters: These should be cleared when made a feature of within the text, e.g. a case study.

Weblinks: check the “Term of Use” on the websites for linking policies.

Can you add to this list?

I Have Been Having Nightmares About Jim Crow

I have been having nightmares about Jim Crow.  Have you?  Ever since the striking down of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act by the Supreme Court, I have pretended that this action did not affect me.  But I have been having nightmares every night since its passing.  “We Serve Whites Only” signs were slightly covered in graves in my memories. They are now again coming to the surface.  My subconscious memories will not allow me to sleep. Do you have these nightmares?  Are the memories in your subconscious?  If not, then ask yourself why or why not.

The right for me to vote is threatened.  That is bothering me.  If it is not bothering you, then your vote or intellect to vote has never been questioned.

The defense that I have heard of the decision of the Supreme Court is that the record turnout from the Black community proves that the state voting system has no need for Section 5 of The Voting Rights Act of 1965 .  You are wrong.  It proved that since enacted over 100 years, of systemic disenfranchisement and oppression was just beginning to work.  You can’t fix over 300 years of government policies to condone wrong doing and oppression in 50 years.   I lived and continue to live through the result of all that wrong doing.  After over 30 years of working in the system, I have not seen a change in the prejudices that still exist in corporate America’s employment system. Question yourself  – “why is the unemployment rate in the Black community double that of Whites?”  Jim Crow has never left; it just has a different face in our businesses, our neighborhoods, our schools and “Yes”, still in our government.  The government’s face today, just to name one, is the Voter ID requirement being passed state by state.

You ask what is wrong with Voter ID?  Nothing is wrong with it.  Jim Crow, however, lives with passing a law without offering a solution to obtaining an ID without cost, without burden to citizens.  I have a Voter ID, but many do not.  My 84 year old mother doesn’t.  She lives in the South.  She is the result of the then disenfranchised government, not providing Blacks access to facilities that were standard for others.  She was born by a midwife, not in a hospital. Hospitals back then had signs “We Serve Whites Only.”   Certificates of Birth were not issued by mid-wives.  Without a government issued birth certificate, you can’t get an ID.

My mother has voted by providing other government acceptable paperwork at the voting booth.  For years my mother has gladly voted since the Voting Rights Act passed in 1965.  Before she could not.

Again, she can…not!  Can your mother still vote?

I have been having nightmares about Jim Crow.  Do you?

What Is the Cost for Permission?

The goal of obtaining permissions is  to minimize your risk of being sued.  The risk of being sued depends on not only your particular use, but on factors such as the likelihood that the use will be spotted, whether you are a “worthy” target for litigation, or whether the other side is inclined to sue.  Every photograph, text quote, cartoon, full article reprint, chart, line drawing, graph, map, screen shot will need to be analyzed.

Unless you are certain that the material is in the public domain or that your use is legally excusable, seeking permission is worth the time. If you are not sure how to obtain permissions, hire a permissions editor to seek permissions for you.

A permissions editor will (1) review the full manuscript page-by-page and create a permissions log based on “used items” to be printed in the book. Where permissions are required, the permissions editor will (2) obtain written permission before each item can be reprinted in your book.

For scheduling and budgeting purposes, below are some approximate guidelines.

  • Average hourly rate $28/per hour
  • Average  total hours for a project is 162 hours
  • Average hours for each permission 3.5 hours
  • Average project timespan is 3 and a half months

Getting sued will cost a whole lot more.

Permission Rights to Obtain

When seeking permission to reproduce any kind of third party material as a permission editor, you are instructed to obtain specific rights in a specific format, based on the company’s requirements.  Below are sample rights that you may be asked to obtain.  Each Company is different.

Company 1

  • Non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified article and journal
  • Print and electronic rights, preferably for use in any form or medium. If not possible to secure such broad-ranging rights, we do need the right to make the content available online
  • The right to use the material for the life of the work (no time-restrictions such as one year etc. on the license granted)
  • World-wide English-language rights. If rights for all languages can be secured, this is preferable
  • The right to use images with a resolution of 150 dpi in the PDF version of the journal or 72 dpi in the HTML version

Company 2

  • Anticipated Life Sales:  7,600
  • Anticipated First Print Run:  1,000
  • Format: College textbook, softcover
  • Estimated No. of Pages:  590
  • Estimated Price: $70.75
  • Estimated Publication Date:  December, 2012
  • Rights Requested: Non-exclusive, world print rights in the English language for all editions, including revisions, ancillaries, and non-profit editions for the disabled.

Company 3

Permission is requested to cover the above title, supporting supplements, for future revisions or editions, derivatives, for sale Worldwide, in all languages, in all media, est. price £29.99, est. extent 344pp, print run: life, with foreign language translations

Company 4

Company Inc. (“Company”) requests non-exclusive permission to use the selection(s) (text or images) listed at the bottom of this request letter, to which we believe you hold the rights (the “Selection(s)”), in  the following [educational] program, to be distributed by Company and its affiliates, as a whole or in part, directly and through authorized distributors:

  • Program/Title: History and Theory; Edition: 1; Author(s): _____________;
  • Initial Publication Date: 10/2013 (estimated); Number of Pages: (estimated); 416
  • Proposed Price: $35.00 (estimated).
  • The rights requested are for use of the Selections as follows for the above Program/Title and related teacher and student material(s) (“Ancillaries”) and subsequent editions and versions (the “Program/Title”).
  • Territory:  World
  • Languages:  All
  • In print versions of the Program/Title and derivatives (e.g., translations, abridgements, split editions, brief editions, English language adaptations, and custom versions for use by a particular school or instructor).
  • In non-print media versions and derivatives of the Program/Title (e.g., translations, abridgements, split editions, brief editions, English language adaptations, and custom versions for use by a particular school or instructor.) in all formats and methods of delivery (e.g., eBooks, online or download through browser or other application, or tangible versions, such as optical disks).
  • In accessible versions (e.g., Braille) for use by individuals with disabilities that impede their use of the standard versions.
  • In some versions, we may re-use only parts of the Program/Title, such as an individual chapter, alone or together with content from other works.  In all cases, we will continue to use your Selections in the same context.  Our request also includes the right to display the Selections in context for purposes of promoting the Program/Title.

Company 5

  • Territory: Worldwide
  • Languages:    All – Allowing translations
  • Standard versions:   Print and Electronic
  • Derivative versions – e.g. abridgements and custom editions:    Print and Electronic
  • # of Editions / Revisions:   Current and Subsequent
  • Time Limitations:   None
  • Quantity Limits – related versions:    None
  • Exclusive use by Pearson:    None
  • Re-use permitted in:     Yes, in the same context it originally appears in the chapter portions (e.g. chapter)
  • Promotional use allowed:   Yes, in the same context it originally appears in the chapter portions (e.g. chapter)
  • Disability Accessible versions: Yes

You should always get a clear understanding as to why rights are needed from each organization before starting the process of obtaining permissions.

Permissions Terms That Throw You for a Loop

There are terms that you need to familiarize yourself and be able to recognize and distinguish during your permission projects.  They are:

  • Works for Hire
  • Public Domain
  • Fair Use
  • Orphaned work
  • Author Created
  • Most Favored Nations
  • Commercial vs Non-Commercial

The general descriptions below are summaries only and do not capture their full intent.

Works for Hire

“Work for Hire” or “Work Made for Hire,” – work created by an employee within the scope of employment.  The employer (usually the Publishing company)  is considered the owner of the work, not the employee.  Many publishers require assignment of copyright as a condition of publication.

Public Domain

“Public Domain” is work that is considered “under the ownership of the public.” In other words, anyone can use it for any purpose without having to obtain permission. However, an arrangement of a composition in the PD may be protected by copyright law. Be sure to double-check and make sure the arrangement you are using is in the PD. And remember: When in doubt, ask.

Fair Use

“Fair Use” is the use you want to make of another’s work transformative — that is, does it add value to and repurpose the work for a new audience — and is the amount of material you want to use appropriate to achieve your transformative purpose? Transformative uses that repurpose no more of a work than is needed to make the point, or achieve the purpose, are generally fair use.

Orphan works

If you can’t identify authors (or their estates) or business owners, or can’t successfully contact them, you probably have an “orphan work.” The materials in our libraries and archives are in this category today — works for which a copyright owner cannot be found.

Author Created

Copyrightable original art or expression to the whole of the work created by and contributed to the work by the author.

Most Favored Nations

Most Favored Nations is a typical clause in licensing agreements that states if you (licensee) agree to pay Company A a higher rate than Company B for similar use on a project, then you must also pay Company B that higher rate. This is put in place to ensure the publishing companies get fair and competitive rates for the use of their compositions.

Non-Commercial vs Commercial

You should use Commercial License where you are licensing for purposes of business for profit.

You should use Non-commercial Licenses to create internal uses with no charge or fee or distribution for profit.